Main rules to quote according to APA 2017 standards


The 2017 APA style says that you should cite the bibliography you use both in the text and in the list of references – but this can be done in various ways.

Why quote your bibliography?

You must write down all the bibliography that you use in your TFG, TFM or thesis so that readers can identify and read it. It is also important that you cite correctly because in this way you recognize the authors for their work and avoid plagiarism.

The main rule of the APA 2017
Each time you use a source, you should quote it both directly within the sentence or paragraph in question, and in the list of references.

The list of references is usually found at the end of your work, just before the appendices.

The rules of the annotation

The main rule is always the same; cite the bibliography that you have consulted directly in the text and also include it in the list of references.

However, the rules for citing different sources are slightly different. For example, to quote book titles, you must use italics, as the previous example shows. The rules related to how to cite different sources are known as reference styles.

Exceptions to the main rule

To make it a little more interesting, APA 2017 standards have several exceptions. One of them is that you do not have to include the source in the list of references if the reader will not be able to find it (such as a private Facebook page that the reader can not access).

You can solve this problem by treating the bibliography as an intranet source.


If you do not quote your bibliography in the correct way, you will be committing plagiarism. This can have serious consequences, so do everything possible to prevent plagiarism.

Read more about the APA citation rules
Now that you know a little about APA 2017 standards, it is important that you understand how to deal with each type of source.

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